The Cratos Principles
Areeq is the author of The Cratos Principles: An essential guide to assessing online voting platforms for use in elections. It is the final report of WebRoots Democracy’s ‘Cratos Project’ which ran between 2018 and 2020. Through a series of events, roundtables, and expert interviews, the project set out to design a framework to assess the suitability of remote online voting systems for use in elections. The result of the project is the Cratos Principles, a set of 33 key principles which cover key aspects of accessibility, security, and user experience. In addition, the report includes a review of existing literature, detailed discussion on the challenges and opportunities, and a ratings system weighting the principles by importance.
Areeq led a high-profile project on ‘deepfakes’ during the 2019 UK General Election at Future Advocacy. The project involved producing two deepfake campaign videos of Conservative Party leader, Boris Johnson, and then-leader of the Labour Party, Jeremy Corbyn, endorsing each other for Prime Minister. The videos also contained warnings for viewers on the threats posed by deepfake video technology and unregulated social media platforms. The project went viral and led coverage on the BBC News Channel when it launched. The videos received global media attention and reached an estimated 3 million people across the world. A behind-the-scenes film about the project can be viewed on the BBC website here.
Digital Health in LLMICs
Areeq is the co-author of Digital Health in LLMICs: Current and future technological developments with the potential to improve health outcomes in low- and lower-middle-income countries. The report, commissioned by the Pathways for Prosperity Commission, explores current and future technological developments with the potential to improve health outcomes, particularly those that could alleviate high disease burden conditions in low- and lower-middle-income countries. The report builds on 18 expert interviews undertaken for the study and makes a number of recommendations for local, national and international actors.
Kinder, Gentler Politics
Areeq is the co-author of Kinder, Gentler Politics: Tackling online abuse in political debate. The project explored the rise of online abuse in political debate, setting out a number of recommendations for how the state and social media platforms can act to combat the issue. The report builds upon a range of existing research and includes analysis of more than 53,000 tweets directed at political influencers in the UK as well as various popular UK political Facebook groups. The research particularly focuses on the impact that online abuse has on the expression of political opinions online.